Sunday, May 24, 2020

The And The Brain By Tobias Wolff - 974 Words

Passion is defined as â€Å"a state or outburst of strong emotion† (Oxford). When you are passionate about something, you have a strong feeling such as love, hate, or anger. Hate, on the other hand, is defined as â€Å"to express strong dislike for; criticize or abuse† (Oxford). In the story, Bullet in the Brain by Tobias Wolff, the main character Anders, is very passionate about words. This very thing that he loves so much ends up being the thing he hates the most in life. Anders was a jaded critic and the story begins simply enough with him standing in line inside the bank. He was standing behind two women who were really getting on his nerves with their annoying, mindless conversation. Anders was immediately sent into a bad mood. After waiting in the line for a while, the teller who worked at the bank counter placed a sign in the window that read â€Å"POSITION CLOSED.† This further irritated the customers in line who had been waiting. When the teller walked t o the back of the bank, she noticed that everyone inside suddenly went silent. She turned around to see two robbers with ski masks over their faces and guns in their hands standing there. One of the masked men held his pistol against the security guard’s neck and said: One of you tellers hits the alarm, you’re all dead meat. Got it? The tellers nodded. â€Å"Oh, bravo,† Anders said. â€Å"Dead meat.† He turned to the woman in front of him, â€Å"Great script, eh? The stern, brass-knuckled poetry of the dangerous classes.† (WolffShow MoreRelatedCommentary On The Brain By Tobias Wolff1681 Words   |  7 PagesIn â€Å"Bullet in the Brain,† author Tobias Wolff uses a non-traditional plot and a technique of zooming in/zooming out to help readers understand the difference between wasting their lives or living fully. The effect of shifts in the plot, point of view, and different perspectives of his character startle the reader while simultaneously pulling him into an expanded awareness of the story and its underlying central idea. â€Å"Bullet in the Brain† demonstrates Wolff’s profound approach to life with theRead MoreAnalysis Of Bullet In The Brain By Tobias Wolff1018 Words   |  5 Pagesmany authors use the literary element conflict to develop their stories. Conflict in the terms of lite rature is split into three branches, there is Man against Self, Man against Man, Man against Nature. In the short writing â€Å"Bullet in the brain†, by Tobias Wolff; the main character Anders faces all three conflicts. Conflicts causes humans to react in other ways depending on how big of conflict it is, and what the person dealing with it, is capable of doing it. Anders( The protagonist) faces all threeRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book From The Brain By Tobias Wolff930 Words   |  4 Pagesexperienced when life itself flashes before our eyes. Even though our lives are composed of countless moments to remember, sometimes we do not understand how they slowly shape who we are and how we see the world. This is what Tobias Wolff suggests in his short story, â€Å"Bullet in the Brain†. The story focuses on the internal journey of a man named Anders when his life comes to a close. A well crafted look into the memories of Anders gives readers distaste for all he takes for gra nted and demonstrates hisRead MoreAnalysis Of Tobias Wolff s The Bullet Of The Brain 1289 Words   |  6 Pages Tobias Wolff uses imagery in his short story â€Å"Bullet in the Brain† provides a visual portrait that captures attention. He clarifies in an interview with Sanford University what short stories require, â€Å"You want large results from it, and you re compelled by its very shortness to using all your resources of language, form and understanding† (Schrieberg 1998). He uses language in the story offering instances of imagery to describe the media critic. Anders is portrayed as weary, and elegantly savageRead MoreLife Is Too Short On The Brain By Tobias Wolff1608 Words   |  7 Pagesthrough overdosing on pills. In contrast, in Tobias Wolff’s short story, â€Å"Bullet in the Brain† an unconcerned book critique, by the name of Anders, dies from a bullet to the brain because of his reactions towards the criminals in the bank robbery. While the setting in both stories are distinctive, both stories achieve to show that life is too short. However, whereas Bloom portrays the negative effects that can lead with a mental illness; through Rose, Wolff shows the negative effects that can lead byRead MoreAnalysis Of Tobias Wolff s Bullet From The Brain 1973 Words   |  8 PagesP.O.V. No.27 - BULLET IN THE BRAIN Tobias Wolff s short story, Bullet in the Brain Reprinted by permission of International Creative Management, Inc. Copyright  © 1995 by Tobias Wolff. First appeared in The New Yorker on Sept. 25, 1995. Anders couldn t get to the bank until just before it closed, so of course the line was endless and he got stuck behind two women whose loud, stupid conversation put him in a murderous temper. He was never in the best of tempers anyway, Anders - a book criticRead MoreTobias Wolff s Profound Literature Elements1593 Words   |  7 PagesAdam Khan Mrs.Vedula Engl. 1102 11 November 2015 Tobias Wolff’s Profound Literature Elements Many people believe Tobias Wolff is considered much of a critic mainly because his childhood was affected by his parent’s separation. Little by little, he started to become like a critic until he went to the army. Furthermore, when he came back he became more pessimistic than critical some might say. His short stories are acknowledged by many readers because of the true meaning of aspirations someRead MoreAnalysis Of Henrik Wolff s Bullet s The Brain 899 Words   |  4 Pagesexistence? What would be your very final thought to think? The short story, â€Å"Bullet in the Brain†, is a very intriguing, well-articulated fictional writing piece that captures what happens in the split second of death through the main character Anders. Written by Tobias Wolff, the story follows a man who finds the clichà © in anything and his final thoughts of his life as a bullet is moving through his brain. Saying I enjoyed this story would be the understatement of the century. The short story isRead MoreHenrik Wolff : The Dead End Of Western Civilization1394 Words   |  6 Pageswant to use by organizing their arguments or main points. In both Hipster: The Dead End Of Western Civilization by Douglas Haddow, and Bullet in the Brain by Tobias Wolff, the authors choose to make use of intellectual diction in order to indicate the idea that an absence of spontaneity is holding society back. In Bullet in the Brain by Tobias Wolff, main character Anders is described as being sarcastic, cynical, and argumentative. Anders is a very serious man who has been through a lot of hardshipsRead MoreTobias Wolff s Profound Literature Elements1821 Words   |  8 PagesAdam Khan Mrs. Vedula Engl. 1102 11 November 2015 Tobias Wolff’s Profound Literature Elements Many people consider Tobias Wolff as an outstanding critic due to certain aspects of his childhood, most notably is his parent’s separation. Following the separation, Wolff evolved into more of a critic up until he went into the army. Furthermore, when he returns from his service, some might note that his personality became more pessimistic than critical. His short stories are acknowledged by many

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Pop art was a direct response to the commercial and...

Pop art was a direct response to the commercial and consumer society of modern time†. Explain why this might be true. Pop art was an art formed by artist expressing their views. â€Å"Pop art was a direct response to the commercial and consumer society of modern time†. Explain why this might be true. Pop art was an art formed by artist expressing their views on modern day society. Pop art originally emerged from England in the fifties; although it was not exploited in England, in fact during the fifties it wasn’t very well implemented. In the sixties, in New York, pop art began to have a high prospective. Many artists soon realized that pop art could be expressed in a variety of forms, this soon related to its commercial use.†¦show more content†¦In 1961 Roy Lichtenstein made use of the â€Å"Ben-Day dots†. This was the first time an artist had used this device. Lichtenstein exploited this and turned it into a signature for himself on his paintings of cartoon characters. Many Pop artists have attempted to and inspired an impersonal approach in to work trying not to offend any community. Although in many circumstances pop artist did impose their own views in their work, Pop artist took this opportunity to criticize society. Quadrant 1982: The piece of art work on the left which Andy Warhol had created criticized the way society is fixated on money. Warhol was an idealist. He had managed to survive W.W.II., he realized the important values of life. The Quadrant symbolized how society had always been. It shows the $ symbol in four different colors. This translated to people as different times but the same agenda, money. The â€Å"Ben-Day dots† led the way for commercial use of pop art. Lichtenstein used this to his advantage and exploited it. The â€Å"Ben-Day dots† was an efficient use in advertising. This device allowed unique paintings and large scale posters to be created. The more striking pop art was created by Roy Lichtenstein. Lichtenstein manipulated the way we see day to day objects and cartoon drawings. Reverie 1965: Roy Lichtenstein always enjoyed illustrating and implementing carton drawings into his work. He often read comic magazines to be inspired forShow MoreRelatedFrom The Different Pairs Of Artists That Were Given To1581 Words   |  7 Pagesand diverse works of art. Both, Andy Warhol and El Anatsui are prominent artists in their own fields and have made many more renowned pieces. The two artists, Warhol and Anatsui, have different techniques of expressing art, but can in some ways be comparable. Andy Warhol was a popular American Pop artist who had a prosperous career and was known for producing consumer culture pieces. Warhol was really drawn to advertising, popular culture and marketing in a world that was really starting up inRead MoreThe Role Of Television Advertising On Lifestyle And Purchase Behavior Of Youth Of Delhi / Ncr Essay3509 Words   |  15 Pagesadvertising in affecting lifestyle and purchase behavior of youth of Delhi / NCR. Abstract: Television is an integral part of our life and the advertisements on it play vital role in changing behavior of consumer through different techniques and patters used in it to persuade the consumers. The youth spent more time in watching television and they are deployed by the ads and satisfied too with the promise the advertisements are making with them. In this study the researcher aims to judge the roleRead MoreThe Digital Age in Music: How Advancements in Technology Are Re-Shaping the Industry3352 Words   |  14 Pageskeep up with for artist, producer, and consumer alike. New editions of textbooks in Music Business classes are issued each year, and changes are made in the industry before the semester is even over. Because of this, it is vital for the industry to not only not only be aware of what is currently going happening, but also be able to foresee the direction that the music business is heading in. In this aspect, it seems that we are at a turning point where consumer s and artists are taking advantage ofRead More Tracing the Rap/Hip-Hop Dichotomy in Popular and Underground Music3130 Words   |  13 Pagessame rate as the number of rap albums climbing the charts. And the growing evidence that, apparently, in order to achieve commercial success, each rap album must be more negative and offensive than the last does not help to address these criticisms. Unfortunately, the critics miss most of the rarely-seen other side of the genre: Hip-hop, rap music that is true the art forms roots of black empowerment and social progress. But black empowerment and social progress dont sell nearly asRead MoreAnalysis of the Music Industry30024 Words   |  121 Pagesparticular characteristics (Wikipedia), but it is undeniably a `vibrant artform (Arts Council England) and one which touches more people, in more ways, than any other art form. In commercial terms, music certainly generates a higher market value than the other arts, although a comprehensive market size for music in all its manifestations is impossible to calculate. Key Note has put a value of  £3.03bn on consumer spending on music in 2005, derived from three sectors: recorded music (which accountsRead MoreMaking Sense of Advertisements Daniel Pope8330 Words   |  34 Pagesbusiness history and on the history of American radicalism. He is the author of The Making of Modern Advertising (1983) and editor of American Radicalism (2001); he has written many articles on the history of American advertising, marketing, and consumer culture, and on the history of nuclear power and anti-nuclear activism. Introduction Over a century ago, Harper’s Weekly commented that advertisements were â€Å"a true mirror of life, a sort of fossil history from which the future chronicler, if allRead MoreInfluence Of International Culture On The Fashion Industry7108 Words à ‚  |  29 PagesInfluence of International Culture on the Fashion Industry The author’s curiosity towards the Fashion industry, and all the different sub sectors in and amongst it, was ignited at an adolescent age through the phenomenal approbation they felt for the Walt Disney motion pictures and viewing for the first time all the heroes, protagonists and villains that were featured on the animated screens wearing fabulous, flamboyant costumes and garments, that projected high fashion, couture in the most overRead MoreBoroplus Prickly Heat Powder9203 Words   |  37 PagesAyurvedic medicine and cosmetic manufacturing unit in Kolkata in 1974. It was an extremely bold step in the early seventies when the Indian FMCG market was still dominated by multinationals. Several such companies headquartered in Kolkata were considering shifting out of West Bengal due to labor unrest and political problems. In 1978, Himani Ltd (incorporated as a Private Limited Company in 1949) had become sick unit and was up for sale. Himani, almost a 100 year old company with good brand equityRead MoreThe Effects of Music in Advertising6197 Words   |  25 Pagesmarriage of commerce and art {Billboard, 2003), the trend continues. In the past five years advertisers have been unrelenting in their appropriation of popular music to get the attention of youth, and there s no sign of the trend abating (Shea, 2004, p. 16). Advertisers use popular music in various ways to involve, engage, and ultimately persuade the potential consumer to purchase their product or service. Whether as foreground or background, music is integrated into commercials in one of several waysRead MoreMarketing Planning Process9555 Words   |  39 Pagescredibility Matrix 4. Appendix 4 : Implementation / Schedule of activities 5. Evaluation Report 6. References 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Zimbabwe Newspapers (1980) Ltd is the oldest newspaper publisher and commercial printer in Zimbabwe, as well as being easily the largest publisher of newspapers, having dominated the industry for almost 120 years. The company is the proprietor of Zimbabwe’s leading daily newspapers, The Herald and the H-Metro and owns two

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The And Exchange Commission s Mission Essay - 1064 Words

The Securities and Exchange Commission’s mission is to â€Å"protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation.† The purpose of this paper is to examine three recent federal security laws to see if they uphold all parts of the SEC’s mission. The three laws to examine are Sarbanes Oxley Act (2002); Emergency Economic Recovery Stabilization Act (2008); and Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (2010). The Sarbanes Oxley Act (2002) passed after the Enron fiasco of the early 21st century. Enron was able to trick investors by using Special Purpose Entities which was allowed through GAAP standards, but nonetheless failed to reveal the potential risks to the investors looking at its financial records. â€Å"Enron s executives had in fact fraudulently reported profits, but not debts, inflating its stock value and enabling it to obtain some capital from ignorant financial institutions and ot her investors.† (Kaal, 2016) Therefore, the passing of the SOX Act provided two main points, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and Title IV. PCAOB holds public accounting firms accountable. PCAOB works in conduction with other CPA organizations, but it holds the ultimate authority over CPA organizations. Title IV requires the full disclosure for any Special Purpose Entities and the impact that they might have. Also pro forma calculations, figures based on future events that might occur, and personal loans toShow MoreRelatedAsus Asignment1085 Words   |  5 PagesASUS INTRODUCTION: ASUS, Taiwanese multinational company blessed with one of the world s top Ramp;D teams, is well known for high-quality and innovative technology. As a leading provider of 3C (computers, communications and consumer electronics) total solutions, ASUS offers a complete product portfolio to compete in the new millennium. Corporate Vision: Imagine innovations that simplify our customers’ lives andRead MoreManagement Planning: Worldcom Essay1253 Words   |  6 Pagesintegration, WorldCom liberally applied accounting procedures (Moberg and Romar 2003). In addition, WorldCom high level management intentionally falsified financial reports and declared fraudulent stock data to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. These acts were a violation of the Securities Act of 1933. The objectives of the Securities Act of 1933 are that investors obtain accurate reports of a companys commerce and to prevent misleading securities sales (USSEC, 2007). Although, theRead MoreInternal And External Environments Of Trinidad And Tobago Electricity Commission Essay1521 Words   |  7 Pagesanalyse the internal and external environments of Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission (TTEC), by examining different strategic options and select the best suited to the organisation long-term strategy. This wi ll be accomplished by an evaluation of SWOT analyses, PESTEL framework and the Ansoff Matrix, offering why the option selected is the best fit option. â€Æ' 1.1 Background Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission (TTEC) is state owned and regulated and is by law, the sole retailer of electricRead MoreStrategic Management And Strategic Competition1596 Words   |  7 PagesStrategic Management and Strategic Competition Introduction The Microsoft Corporation is a publicly traded company. It was founded in 1975 and prides itself as a leader in software and product solutions for individuals and businesses. Their mission and vision is to be a go-to source for everyone globally, and to be able to consistently produce platforms and products superior to the competition. Their comprehensive line-up makes them a very competitive business in the market, and one that can partnerRead MoreThe Three Branches Of The Government1298 Words   |  6 Pagesenforcement and administration of federal laws. Each member chosen leads one of the fifteen executive department. They are also joined by Environmental Protection Agency and the CIA even though their heads are not part of Cabinet. More than fifty federal commissions heads are chosen my the President as well. Under the Executive branch are many departments. Some of these include the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Commerce, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department ofRead MoreAccounting: the Financial Accounting Standards Board (Fasb)1158 Words   |  5 Pagesprinciples (GAAP) within the United States in the public s interest. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) designated the FASB as the organization responsible for setting accounting standards for public companies in the U.S. It was created in 1973, replacing the Accounting Principles Board and the Committee on Accounting Procedure of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. The Financial Accounting Standards Board s mission is to establish and improve standards of financial accountingRead MoreEthics and Compliance1643 Words   |  7 Pagesassess the role of ethics in the financial department and describe the procedures the company has to encourage ethical behavior. Next, explain the role financial markets in the United States. Followed by how Lowe’s complies with Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) regulations. Lastly, prov ide an evaluation of the company’s financial performance last two annual periods, followed by the calculations of ratios for each year. The ratios include current, debt, return on equity, and days receivable alongRead MoreEthical and Legal Obligations Paper880 Words   |  4 Pagesand the appearance of improper behavior. Ethical business conduct calls for all companies and their personnel to assume responsibility for safeguarding and preserving that companys assets and resources in the fulfillment of that companys charter, mission or objective. The code of business conduct and ethics serves to emphasize the commitment to ethics and compliance with the law; to set forth basic standards of ethical and legal behavior; to provide reporting mechanisms for known or suspected ethicalRead MoreThe Inborn Names Of The Morongo Reservation1437 Words   |  6 Pagestribe began a small bingo venture in 1983. On February 25, 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that neither the state of California nor Riverside County could control the bingo and card game maneuvers of the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians and the Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians. This court ruling, known as the Cabazon decision, set in motion a sequence of federal and state actions, including two ballot proposals that histrionically expanded tribal casino operations in California and otherRead MoreA Brief Summary On Forex Trading Essay1228 Words   |  5 Pages FOREX TRADING â€Å"A failure to plan, is a plan to fail† 1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1 Brief summary of the business The word FOREX is derived from Foreign Exchange. Forex trades (trading onboard internet platforms) are non-delivery trades. Currencies are not physically traded, but rather there are currency contracts which are agreed upon and performed online. Both parties to such contracts (the trader and the trading platform) undertake to fulfill their

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Benefits Of Living A Healthy Lifestyle Essay Example For Students

Benefits Of Living A Healthy Lifestyle Essay The Benefits of Living a Healthy Lifestyle that Consists of Proper Diet and ExerciseLiving a healthy lifestyle has a multitude of benefits that can change your life. Regardless of age and gender, proper diet and adequate exercise are essential to the well being of all people. For people that are very active and get lots of exercise but have a poor diet, there is a lack of nutritional needs and often a surplus of necessity in other aspects of the diet. Contrary to a poor diet, eating well is essential, but having an active lifestyle has a vast number of positive effects on the body in both the short and long term. Exercising on a daily basis can help you loose excess weight and also maintain your current body type. Simple tasks, such as walking to a short destination instead of driving, or taking the stairs instead of taking an elevator will help you burn excess calories from the dessert you couldn’t afford (calorie wise). While you will burn only a small amount of calories with each task, over the course of the day these small changes to your lifestyle will have dramatic effects. Regular exercise has many more health benefits than just calorie burning. Exercise gets the blood pumping in your body and helps raise good cholesterol. More benefits of physical exercise include: stroke, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and different cancers. By implementing regular exercise into your lifestyle, you can also help prevent arthritis and falls, and battle depression. Contrary to popular belief, exercising improves our mood and energy. By exercising, our bodies deliver oxygen and nutrients to our body, improving our cardiovascular system. Because we can breathe better, we have more energy to live our lives on a daily basis. Exercising. . feel better as you are younger, but especially as you age. As we grow older, proper nutrition is crucial for us to have healthy bodies in our aging years. On the other hand, exercising daily is also very important, for us to have healthy bodies. Simply getting 30 minutes of physical activity a day can greatly improve our mood and energy. By eating nutrient-rich foods and exercising daily, we can extend our life and improve the quality of it by making simple, healthy choices.Works Cited5 Benefits of Healthy Habits. Healthline. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2015.Compassionate Care since 1954. Healthy Eating and Exercise Can Promote Good Health. N.p., n. d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.Eating Well as You Age. : Nutrition and Diet Tips for Healthy Eating as You Age. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2015.Fitness. Exercise: 7 Benefits of Regular Physical Activity. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.

Saturday, April 4, 2020

Life and Works of Rizal free essay sample

He continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid, Spain, where he earned the degree of Licientiate in Medicine. He also attended the University of Paris in France and earned second doctorate at the University of Heidelberg in Germany. Having travelled the world extensively, Rizal became conversant in at least twenty-two languages. He was a prolific poet, essayist, diarist, correspondent, and novelist whose most famous works were his two novels, Noli me Tangere and El Filibusterismo. These works fearlessly exposed the injustices committed by the Spanish civil and clerical officials in the Philippines amd spurred the militancy of armed revolutionaries and reformist against more than 300 years of Spanish rule. Rizal was proponent of institutional reforms by peaceful means rather than violence revolution. But he was associated with the growing insurgency movement and declared an enemy of the state by the Spanish authorities particularly because of the publication of his novels. We will write a custom essay sample on Life and Works of Rizal or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He was deported to Dapitan in Zamboanga then incarcerated at Fort Santiago. When the Katipunan exploded into the full-blown revolution, the authorities were quick to incriminate him. After a mock trial, Rizal was convicted and sentence to die by firing squad at Bagubayan on December 30, 1896. Eventually, his martyred death proved to be the catalyst that precipitated the Philippine revolution and the downfall of the Spanish colonial rule.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Human Resource Management in tourism

Human Resource Management in tourism Introduction Humanresource management is an important aspect of management in every institution.Most organizations have a separate department that performs the important function.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Human Resource Management in tourism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Human beings are complicated beings and thus must be dealt with understanding. Human resources are responsible for doing activities that lead to the success of an organization. They have to be motivated and comfortable to work. Human resource management is practiced in many fields that involve human beings. Among the fields is the tourism industry (Elisa et al, 2004, p. 3). The tourism industry is characterized by diversity and therefore has sensitive needs of human resource. This report will discuss how effective Human Resource Management could contribute to the successful management of organizations in tourism industry. The report will f ocus on important elements of human resource management such as the process and policies of recruitment as well as competencies. The outcomes of ICT on human resources will be discussed to emphasize its significance in the tourism industry. It will also focus outcomes of information and communication technology, work ethics and rewards. How effective Human Resource Management could contribute to the successful management of organizations in tourism industry Human resources are very important for the success of any organization. Managing them can be challenging and thus organizations must be effective to in dealing with human resources. Their efforts to produce are what determine the success of the organization in any field including the tourism industry (2010, p. 1). In his research, Nickson (2006, p. 1) points out that the human resource management in the tourism incorporates the management principles to integrate with the specific needs in the tourism industry. These needs among o thers include recruitment policies and process, outcomes of ICT (information communication technology), inequalities and management of different staff, work ethics and rewards. Recruitment process According to the UNEP (2010, p. 147) recruitment is the methods used to get human resources who have attained the qualifications and can work. The end stage of recruitment which is often confused with recruitment is selection. The process starts with advertisement where several persons who are capable of working can apply.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The advertisements can be done on the notice boards or media or in the internet. Usually internal advertisements are done before external advertisements. Additionally, the existing employees are given priority in the selection. After advertisements, applicants respond and their applications are received whether online or manually. The candidates are short listed and invite for an interview. The interview is conducted by panelists who select the best on merit. Sometimes there is a second interview after which selection is done. The successful candidates are notified and invited to start working in the industry (Torrington, 2005, p. 46). Selected candidates report and are given induction and upon completion they start working. Induction is done by the human resource representatives, departments head or a fellow worker. The employee is given a team to work with or is given office to start working. In case the panelist fails to get successful candidates, there is a re-advertisement. The process is repeated until they get the right candidate. Sometimes selected candidates fail to report. In such cases the human resource management may select another who was second in the interview performed or start from the beginning of the recruitment. Recruitment Policies Jolliffe (1989, Para 1) indicates that touris m industry has to consider seasons in the recruitment of its human resources. This is because the tourism industry has a high season when there are many tourists while in other seasons there are few tourists. Due to the seasons, the employer must hire temporary employees that are going to work during the high season and a few permanent who will work all round the year. The recruitment process must be transparent. It should enable the employer to get committed employees who are best suited for the organization. The recruiters must be qualified and credible and should be aware of the nature of the organization. They should also know the needs of the organization. There should be no discrimination due to color or background of the candidates (Nickson, 2006, p. 1). Competence Elisa et al (2004, p. 3) note that the human resource management should look for managers who will support the tourism organization to earn more revenue. The human resources efforts determine the success of the org anization and those selected must be willing to employ their knowledge and skill in the industry.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Human Resource Management in tourism specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The human resources must therefore be willing to perform and participate in the expansion of the tourism industry. This is because the profits obtained from the industry will be used to pay all due for the employees and other necessities of the company. Career oriented employees tend to be of great help to the tourism industry. In their pursuit to explore and develop their career in the industry, they lead to the success of the company. Such employees can be given the opportunity to grow and advance as they contribute positively (Elisa et al, 2004, p. 3). Training of the human resources in the tourism industry can lead to successful management. Training can be done to different groups in the industry depending on their roles. Training will enable workers be motivated, know what they are expected to do and work effectively and efficiently. Training also gives opportunities for discovery and development of talent (Elisa et al 2004, p. 4). In the recent practices, the human resource management has placed more emphasis on the management of finances and the ability to market to recruit employees. Another area of competency given attention is the recruitment of workers with information technology competencies. Managers recruit those with computer competencies as a basic criterion. In most cases those with specific expertise in certain areas are recruited and trained to perform specialized tasks. This in turn lead to more rewards as well as expansion of the tourism industry (Elisa et al 2004, p. 4). Further learning of employees in the tourism industry can be encouraged. When they go for further studies, employees increase their skill and become more knowledgeable thus work with more understanding. They learn new developments in the tourism industry and can implement it to realize success. Such employees who go for further studies require little induction in the industry and are therefore in a better position to handle difficulties within the industry than fresh graduates. Outcomes of ICT The use of ICT has led to success in the management of the tourism industry. As Elisa et al (2004, p. 1) note, computer competency is a basic requirement for new recruits. The organizations also have taken initiatives to train employees on computer skills. This is because the environment has changed and people are embracing technology in businesses.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Therefore technology is being used widely in advertising and thus expertises are required in the tourism industry. Therefore, they use their specialization to lead the organization to gain more profits and stay in the global competition. ICT has been effective in a number of areas. It has been used in the recruitment process to advertise and communicate with potential employees. It has also been used in the management of the industry. The industry has benefited in keeping relevant data about employees, the organization and communicating within and outside the organization. ICT has been a weapon in advertising and communicating with clients. For instance customers can make on line booking for a holiday in a distant location. Furthermore, ICT has opened opportunities and created employment opportunities due to expression. The outcomes of ICT have been helpful in trucking changes in the world as they happen. Through internet, a lot of valuable information can be acquired and thus it is possible to adjust the services as well as management practices to deal with the dynamic requirements of clients. The employees can learn and find relevant information about a problem and Thus ICT has led to the successful management of human resources in the tourism industry. Inequalities and management of different staff The tourism industry is exposed to diversity. Nickson (2006, p. 1) suggest that there should be equality in the selection of employees in the tourism industry without discrimination because of color or background. Thus the human resources should be accommodative to different people of different cultures. A variety of employees from different cultures can be of advantage to the tourism industry. This is because such institutions that deal with diverse clients will benefit from the different employees who may be in a better position to such clients. This may be due to the advantage of being multilingual where they can speak in the language the client understands. M anaging the staff in terms of health and having a general concern of their welfare is important. Employees with a medical cover from the organization have a sense of security. Employees with ill health have a lower input and are prone to absenteeism. A comprehensive medical cover from the institution has positive impacts on success of the company. This is because employees are catered for, can be treated and recover. Those without cover may lack funds for proper treatment hence will keep falling sick and eventually lead to low input in the company. Some medical covers cater for the immediate family members of the employee thus he is able to concentrate on the job (Nickson 2006, p. 1). Work ethics The Sustainable Tourism Online (2010, p.1) the management has to maintain good working relations in the tourism industry. It can have considerate working hours and arrangements for its employees. Additional, it can discourage violations within work and encourage respect among the employees. Such habits as use of drugs and alcohol can be discouraged. The organization can introduce beneficial leisure activities like clubs as an alternative to abusing drugs (Nickson, 2006, p. 1). There is importance in strategizing whenever there are challenges and problem among the human resources as Nickson (2006, p. 1) indicates. The management must address the grievances of employees whenever cases of violation and misunderstandings are reported. It can adopt techniques of solving problems to reconcile the parties and address issues without taking sides. Poor relationships among employs are characterized with tension and discourage teamwork. Without teamwork, the tourism industry may not realize its goals. Rewards In their research Elisa et al (2004, p. 1) revealed that rewards for the human resources are part and parcel of effective management that led to success. Their research findings suggested that employees who are compensated for their work are motivated and devoted to work. C ompensation is based on organizational levels. The top ranked managers receive a great reward than the juniors. The middle managers receive lower than the top managers and higher than the juniors. The juniors are paid least than the others. Additionally, the most experienced are considered to be valuable and are therefore paid an amount considerate of their experience. Wages of employees increase when the employees are promoted. This is because their tasks and responsibilities have been expanded. The wages increase also when the worker goes for further training and hence need to be given a more challenging task. Elisa et al (2004, p. 2) identify increase in work load as a factor that lead to addition of wages to employees. An organization may experience increased clients and thus the organization may choose to add on wages instead of recruiting more workers who may be relieved from work when the season is low. Elisa et al (2004, p. 3) note that the criterion for compensation is base d on the position of the employees more than the skills and knowledge they possess. Although they have competencies and knowledge in many areas and are experts in specific fields, their rewards reflect the responsibilities that are attached to their specific positions. This means that those with similar education qualification and are of equal competencies are paid lower because they have fewer and different responsibilities than their seniors. Consequently, the managers in charge use their superior positions to learn more skills in management and thus maintain their position. This competition makes them very effective leading to the success of the organization. Middle level managers who wish to get higher rewards use their positions to demonstrate their abilities. Since they work closely with the top managers, they ensure that they demonstrate their ability to their immediate supervisors (Baum, 2006, p. 4). In most cases they are of same qualifications as the boss and therefore the y learn from them. Whenever there are opportunities for promotion they are likely to be recommended since they have demonstrated ability and skills in the human resource management (Elisa et al, 2004, p. 3). Skills and education of an individual are important in determining the rewards (Torrington 2005, p. 45). Effective rewards dependent on the qualifications of an individual gives satisfaction to the employee. When rewarded according to his ability, the employee devotes his time to work for the tourism industry hence there is success. Underpaid professionals tend to look for opportunities in other organizations. Highly skilled individuals are usually on demand as Elisa et al (2004, p. 2) state. They include personnel in specialized areas like information technology. They demand for high wages and thus to maintain them they are paid according to their demands. Managers are in most cases responsible to reward and can be sensitive to human resources needs. The mangers can have additi onal rewards for outstanding employees. This will encourage competition in the company for excellent performance. Workers who have worked for long in the company can be rewarded for their commitment. Recognition for work well did lead to improved performance. Recommendations In future the tourism industry may investigate the rewards organization. This is because the criterion for payment in some cases is position and in other cases it is expertise knowledge. Furthermore, a balance between expertise and position to determine reward can be made (Elisa et al, 2004, p. 4). Conclusion In conclusion, the effective management of human resources is the key to success of the tourism industry. This can be achieved by adopting a recruitment process that is transparent. The process should enable the organization employ competent employees who will lead the company to realize more profits and expand. Policies that allow for diversity and equal treatment can be adopted while paying attention to c ompetence of the employee. Importance of ICT and the outcomes cannot be estimated, as already mentioned, there are changes due to use of technology hence the tourism industry must embrace technology. Technology expands the organizations in terms of business and creates working opportunities for human beings. ICT therefore makes communication possible within and outside the organization. People of different color and back ground can work together effectively and lead to the success. Thus being multi lingual brings positive outcomes in the organization. Additionally, people can learn to work with people from different culture since tourism industry is diverse in nature. Furthermore, the management can ensure that there are policies that govern the behavior of the employees to maintain good relation. It can use strategic measures to solve differences among employees. Moreover, employees must be compensated for their work adequately. This will encourage them to work hard. Reference List Baum, T., 2006. Human Resource Management for tourism, Hospitality and Leisure:  An International Perspective. Australia: Thomson Learning. Elisa, M. Kay, C., 2004. Knowledge, skills, and abilities for lodging  Management success (Human resource) business journal: Cornell hotel and  Restaurant administration quarterly. Web. Jolliffe, L., 1989. Seasonality in tourism employment: Human resource challenges.  International journal of contemporary hospitality management, vol 15, no. 6. Nickson, D., 2006. Human resource management for the hospitality and tourism Industries. Butterworth: Heinemann. Web. Sustainable tourism online., 2010. Human resource management: Recognition and Management of emotional labor in the tourism industry. Web. Torrington, D. P., Hall, L.A, Taylor, S., 2005. Human Resource Management (6th ed.).  UK: FT Prentice Hall. UNEP., 2010. Sustainable Tourism in protected areas: Human Resource planning for  Tourism for in protected areas. UK: FT Prentice Ha ll. Virbus., 2010. Human resource management. Web.

Friday, February 21, 2020

What is an Oligopoly Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

What is an Oligopoly - Essay Example Oligopoly, (which is Greek for many sellers) demonstrates a very characteristic feature of mutual interdependence 3of each in the model onto other firm's action. Each firm in an oligopoly recognizes that the pricing or output decisions made by one firm will affect the profits of all firms in the industry.4 Because of this mutual interdependence, the firms in an oligopoly market need to act strategically, and it is this existence of strategic behavior or barriers which distinguish the oligopoly model from perfect competition and monopoly.5 The fundamental features are that sellers are price-makers and the demand curve of every firm is slightly slopping down. As the figure below aptly demonstrates, the demand curve in an oligopoly will be a "Kinked" demand curve which may be similar to the traditional demand curves in the Perfect competition, as they are downward-sloping but it will have a kink or a bend. 6 Before I discuss the barriers utilized by a monopoly it would be useful to show how the factor of interdependence manifests itself as a game theory which can be well illustrated as the prisoner's dilemma as apparent from the diagram below. The above diagram (taken from the internet) shows the classic example of the Game theory being played out between two firms in an oligopoly. These two firms are aware of their price levels and cautious in an increase or decrease in the prices which can break out into a price war/or cause cut-throat pricing which will ultimately cause losses to all the firms in the oligopoly. Economic theory dictates that these firms will inevitably return to the original position in case of such a price war. Barriers in Oligopolies The Game theory as apparent from the diagram above shows some interesting incites into strategic barriers and their dilemmas and this theory became popular in the decade of the 1970s where there was a substantial shift to firm behavior with regards to firm behavior. Barriers in a monopoly can be natural or strategic. They are aimed at keeping competing firms away 7. Market entry is very difficult in oligopolies. Oligopolies operate on a large scale and therefore have high sunk costs( which are industrial expenses that cannot be recovered once a firm has started a business). This means that if large amounts of capital are used to enter an industry which depreciates in value rather quickly there will be a barrier to entry for new aspiring firms. Secondly, if the firm has problems in establishing the reputation of its product through high scale advertising and discount schemes it will be too expensive for other firms to enter the market and actually attain the same level of excellence without incurring large amounts of initial losses. An example of this is the telecoms industry where the various cell phone carriers have established oligopolies in their price and service mechanisms.